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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 741918, 18 pages
Review Article

Physical Activity and Hip Fracture Disability: A Review

1Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, Box 114, 525W 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
2Gerontological Studies and Services, Department of Health and Physical Education, York College, City University of New York, New York, NY 10016-4309, USA

Received 6 September 2010; Revised 11 November 2010; Accepted 28 January 2011

Academic Editor: Iris Reuter

Copyright © 2011 Ray Marks. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. The present paper examines pertinent literature sources published in the peer-reviewed English language between 1980 and November 1, 2010 concerning hip fractures. The aim was to highlight potential intervention points to offset the risk of incurring a hip fracture and its attendant disability. Methods. An in-depth search of the literature using the key terms: disability, epidemiology, hip fracture, prevention, and risk factors was conducted, along with data from the author's research base detailing the disability associated with selected hip fracture cases. All articles that dealt with these key topics were reviewed, and relevant data were tabulated and analyzed. Results. Hip fractures remain an important but potentially preventable public health problem. Among the many related remediable risk factors, low physical activity levels are especially important. Related determinants of suboptimal neuromuscular function also contribute significantly to hip fracture disability. Conclusion. Physical activity participation can help to reduce the prevalence and excess disability of hip fractures and should be encouraged.