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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 867341, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/867341
Research Article

Older Adults' Perceptions of Clinical Fall Prevention Programs: A Qualitative Study

1Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
2Department of Humanities and Communication Arts, Cheyney University of Pennsylvania, Cheyney, PA 19319, USA
3School of Nursing and Health Sciences, La Salle University, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA
4Division of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, 325 9th Avenue, Box 359755, Seattle, WA 98104, USA

Received 5 January 2011; Accepted 15 March 2011

Academic Editor: Steven Hooker

Copyright © 2011 Rebecca Calhoun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To investigate motivational factors and barriers to participating in fall risk assessment and management programs among diverse, low-income, community-dwelling older adults who had experienced a fall. Methods. Face-to-face interviews with 20 elderly who had accepted and 19 who had not accepted an invitation to an assessment by one of two fall prevention programs. Interviews covered healthy aging, core values, attributions/consequences of the fall, and barriers/benefits of fall prevention strategies and programs. Results. Joiners and nonjoiners of fall prevention programs were similar in their experience of loss associated with aging, core values they expressed, and emotional response to falling. One difference was that those who participated endorsed that they “needed” the program, while those who did not participate expressed a lack of need. Conclusions. Interventions targeted at a high-risk group need to address individual beliefs as well as structural and social factors (transportation issues, social networks) to enhance participation.