Journal of Aging Research / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Does Physical Activity Increase Life Expectancy? A Review of the Literature

Table 2

Preventive effects of regular physical activity on major risk factors for cardio- and cerebrovascular diseases and cancer.

Author(s)Risk factorEffect of regular physical activity on the risk factor in healthy subjects

Adami et al. [3], Halle and Schoenberg [10], Warburton et al. [6], Warburton et al. [11]Colon cancerIncidence −30% to −40%
Adami et al. [3], Monninkhof et al. [12], Warburton et al. [6]Breast cancerIncidence −20% to −50%
Walker et al. [13], Warburton et al. [11]Type 2 diabetes mellitusIncidence −28% to −59%
G. A. Kelley and K. S. Kelley [14]DyslipidemiaHDL cholesterol +11%
Pedersen and Saltin [4]Arterial hypertensionSystolic and diastolic blood pressure −3.84/−2.58 mmHg
Pedersen and Saltin [4]ObesityIncreased chance to maintain body weight
Warburton et al. [11], Reimers et al. [15]StrokeIncidence −27% to −40%