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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2012, Article ID 468156, 8 pages
Research Article

Physical Activity across Frailty Phenotypes in Females with Parkinson’s Disease

1Interdisciplinary Graduate Studies, Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, BC, Canada V1V 1V7
2Faculty of Geriatrics Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 2E1
3School of Health and Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Development, University of British Columbia Okanagan, 3333 University Way, Kelowna, BC, Canada V1V 1V7

Received 3 February 2012; Revised 2 June 2012; Accepted 21 June 2012

Academic Editor: Barbara Tettenborn

Copyright © 2012 Kaitlyn P. Roland et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Females with Parkinson’s disease (PD) are vulnerable to frailty. PD eventually leads to decreased physical activity, an indicator of frailty. We speculate PD results in frailty through reduced physical activity. Objective. Determine the contribution of physical activity on frailty in PD (n=15, 65 ± 9 years) and non-PD (n=15, 73 ± 14 years) females. Methods. Frailty phenotype (nonfrail/prefrail/frail) was categorized and 8 hours of physical activity was measured using accelerometer, global positioning system, and self-report. Two-way ANCOVA (age as covariate) was used to compare physical activity between disease and frailty phenotypes. Spearman correlation assessed relationships, and linear regression determined associations with frailty. Results. Nonfrail recorded more physical activity (intensity, counts, self-report) compared with frail. Self-reported physical activity was greater in PD than non-PD. In non-PD, step counts, light physical activity time, sedentary time, and self-reported physical activity were related to frailty (R=0.91). In PD, only carbidopa-levodopa dose was related to frailty (r=0.61). Conclusion. Physical activity influences frailty in females without PD. In PD females, disease management may be a better indicator of frailty than physical activity. Further investigation into how PD associated factors contribute to frailty is warranted.