Table 1: Subject characteristics.

ParameterChildrenAdolescentsYoung adultsMiddle-aged
MalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemales
( 𝑛 = 3 0 )( 𝑛 = 3 0 )( 𝑛 = 2 9 )( 𝑛 = 3 7 )( 𝑛 = 3 0 )( 𝑛 = 4 0 )( 𝑛 = 2 9 )( 𝑛 = 2 7 )

Age (yrs) 9 . 4 ± 0 . 3 2 9 . 4 ± 0 . 3 1 7 . 0 ± 0 . 3 8 1 6 . 4 ± 0 . 3 8 2 9 ± 0 . 8 3 0 . 1 ± 0 . 8 6 4 8 . 3 ± 0 . 6 4 8 . 5 ± 0 . 6 4
Height (cm) 1 3 1 ± 1 . 9 8 1 3 0 ± 1 . 9 1 5 9 ± 5 . 1 1 5 4 ± 0 . 7 8 1 6 6 ± 1 1 5 6 ± 0 . 8 1 6 7 ± 3 . 8 1 5 5 ± 0 . 7 8
Weight (kg)* 2 7 ± 1 . 2 2 6 . 4 ± 1 . 9 5 5 . 5 ± 1 . 9 4 9 . 0 ± 1 . 1 5 9 . 4 ± 1 . 3 5 3 . 1 ± 0 . 9 5 5 8 . 9 ± 1 . 3 5 6 . 1 ± 0 . 9
SBP*# 1 1 2 ± 1 . 6 1 0 8 ± 1 . 3 1 1 4 ± 2 . 3 1 0 9 ± 1 . 1 1 1 6 ± 1 . 1 1 1 1 ± 6 . 8 1 2 0 ± 1 . 6 6 1 1 8 ± 1 . 7 3
DBP*# 7 4 ± 1 . 4 7 4 ± 0 . 7 6 7 6 ± 0 . 8 7 5 ± 0 . 7 7 8 ± 0 . 8 7 6 ± 0 . 7 8 4 ± 1 . 1 8 1 ± 1 . 2
RHR* 7 8 ± 1 . 8 8 2 ± 1 . 7 6 7 ± 1 . 9 6 6 9 ± 1 . 1 6 4 ± 1 . 7 6 7 ± 1 . 1 6 9 ± 1 . 9 6 6 6 ± 1 . 3
BMI* 1 5 . 5 ± 0 . 2 4 1 5 . 6 ± 0 . 2 2 2 0 . 5 ± 0 . 3 6 2 0 . 5 ± 0 . 3 7 2 1 . 6 ± 0 . 3 3 2 1 . 7 ± 0 . 3 3 2 2 . 1 ± 0 . 3 2 3 . 1 ± 0 . 3
PALN.A@N.A@ 1 . 6 4 ± 0 . 0 2 1 . 5 9 ± 0 . 0 2 1 . 6 ± 0 . 0 2 1 . 6 5 ± 0 . 0 2 1 . 6 5 ± 0 . 0 2 1 . 6 9 ± 0 . 0 2

(i) Data expressed as mean ± SE.
(ii) *significantly different across the age group.
(iii) #significantly different between males and females.
(iv) SBP: Systolic blood pressure (mm of Hg).
(v) DBP: Diastolic blood pressure (mm of Hg).
(vi) RHR: Resting heart rate (Beats per minute).
(vii) BMI: Body Mass Index (kg/m2).
(viii) PAL: Physical activity level.
(ix) @Not applicable since standard procedure was not available.