Table 2: Frequency (%) of the variables composing three components of successful aging in men and women.

VariablesMen ( = 226–238) %Women ( = 1006–1038) % valueAll ( = 1227–1283) %

Physical component
 No heart problem42.447.10.19246.2
 No stroke96.294.40.25094.7
 No circulatory problems in brain78.679.30.79879.2
 No diabetes85.788.80.17888.2
 No arthritis69.754.3<0.00157.2
 No Parkinson’s disease99.698.30.14898.6
 No hip fracture89.281.30.00382.8
 No dementia66.459.20.03360.6
 No disease14.710.20.04511.0
 2 or less diseases with no dementia39.529.80.00431.6
 Able to see72.859.9<0.00162.3
 Able to hear68.171.50.29970.9
 Able to see and hear53.248.20.17049.2
 Independent in five activities58.334.9<0.00139.2
 Independent in 3 easier activities83.072.5<0.00174.5
 Criterion 1*7.74.8<0.0015.3
 Criterion 2*28.326.10.50026.5
 Criterion 3*24.819.10.05020.2
 Criterion 4*33.923.2<0.00125.2
 No depressiveness87.879.60.00481.2
 Self-rated health average or good72.361.40.00263.4
 Willing to live up to 100 years42.424.8<0.00128.1
 Psychological component34.016.7<0.00120.0
Social engagement
 Met children during past 2 weeks92.793.50.64493.4
 Phone contacts84.679.40.07080.4
 Social component78.874.40.16675.2

*Criterions. Criterion 1: No disease, and able to hear and read, and independent in all five activities. Criterion 2: Less than 3 diseases, no dementia, able to hear and read, and independent in three easier activities. Criterion 3: No dementia, able to hear and read, and independent in 5 activities. Criterion 4: Able to hear and read, independent in 5 activities.