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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 367208, 7 pages
Research Article

Decision Making Processes and Outcomes

1Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, P.O. Box 6040, Morgantown, WV 26506-6040, USA
2Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6040, USA
3Department of Psychology, Radford University, P.O. Box 6946, Radford, VA 24141, USA
4Department of Health Promotion Education and Behavior, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 2920, USA

Received 31 May 2013; Revised 20 August 2013; Accepted 26 August 2013

Academic Editor: Holly M. Brown-Borg

Copyright © 2013 Julie Hicks Patrick et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The primary aim of this study was to examine the contributions of individual characteristics and strategic processing to the prediction of decision quality. Data were provided by 176 adults, ages 18 to 93 years, who completed computerized decision-making vignettes and a battery of demographic and cognitive measures. We examined the relations among age, domain-specific experience, working memory, and three measures of strategic information search to the prediction of solution quality using a 4-step hierarchical linear regression analysis. Working memory and two measures of strategic processing uniquely contributed to the variance explained. Results are discussed in terms of potential advances to both theory and intervention efforts.