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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 171694, 8 pages
Clinical Study

Effects of Periodic Task-Specific Test Feedback on Physical Performance in Older Adults Undertaking Band-Based Resistance Exercise

1Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Life and Health Sciences, Chubu University, 1200, Matsumoto, Kasugai, Aichi 487-8501, Japan
2Department of Rehabilitation, Yonaha General Hospital, 8-264-3 Izumi, Kuwana, Mie 511-0838, Japan
3Department of Rehabilitation, Tsushima City Hospital, 3-73 Tsubaki, Tsushima, Aichi 496-8537, Japan
4Division of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Care and Rehabilitation, Seijoh University, 2-172 Fukinodai, Tokai, Aichi 476-8588, Japan
5School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, 10 Chittaway Road, Ourimbah, NSW 2258, Australia

Received 2 September 2013; Accepted 4 December 2013; Published 29 January 2014

Academic Editor: Barbara Shukitt-Hale

Copyright © 2014 Ryuichi Hasegawa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of periodic task-specific test feedback on performance improvement in older adults undertaking community- and home-based resistance exercises (CHBRE). Fifty-two older adults (65–83 years) were assigned to a muscular perfsormance feedback group (MPG, ) or a functional mobility feedback group (FMG, ). Both groups received exactly the same 9-week CHBRE program comprising one community-based and two home-based sessions per week. Muscle performance included arm curls and chair stands in 30 seconds, while functional mobility was determined by the timed up and go (TUG) test. MPG received fortnightly test feedback only on muscle performance and FMG received feedback only on the TUG. Following training, there was a significant ( ) interaction for all performance tests with MPG improving more for the arm curls (MPG 31.4%, FMG 15.9%) and chair stands (MPG 33.7%, FMG 24.9%) while FMG improved more for the TUG (MPG-3.5%, FMG-9.7%). Results from this nonrandomized study suggest that periodic test feedback during resistance training may enhance task-specific physical performance in older persons, thereby augmenting reserve capacity or potentially reducing the time required to recover functional abilities.