Journal of Aging Research / 2014 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Factors Affecting Mortality in Elderly Patients Hospitalized for Nonmalignant Reasons

Table 4

Abnormal laboratory results at the time of hospitalization in the discharged and dead groups.

ProblemDefinitionDischarged group
( )
Dead group
( )

Low hemoglobinHb < 12.2 g/dL593 (64.0)65 (76.5)0.021
Thrombocytopenia PLT < 142 K/µL90 (10.7)18 (22.5)0.002
High ESR ESR E: > 20 K: > 30 mm/h614 (66.3)69 (81.2)0.005
Low TIBC<120 µg/dL182 (19.8)31 (36.5)<0.001
Uremia Urea > 43 mg/dL687 (74.4)79 (92.9)<0.001
HyperuricemiaUric acid > 6 mg/dL490 (54.4)65 (78.3)<0.001
HypercreatininemiaCreatinine > 1.1 mg/dL506 (56.3)59 (72.0)0.006
HypoalbuminemiaAlbumin < 3.5 mg/dL466 (50.4)76 (89.4)<0.001
High ALT ALT > 55 U/L56 (6.0)13 (15.3)0.001
High AST AST > 34 U/L180 (19.4)29 (34.5)0.001
Hypernatremia Sodium > 145 mmol/L41 (6.1)21 (33.3)<0.001
HypopotassemiaPotassium < 3.5 mmol/L73 (9.7)15 (24.2)<0.001
HyperpotassemiaPotassium > 5.1 mmol/L174 (20.4)23 (32.9)0.014
HypocalcemiaCalcium < 8.4 mg/dL269 (29.9)41 (49.4)<0.001
Hypertriglyceridemia Triglyceride > 149 mg/dL292 (31.5)41 (48.2)0.002
Hypercholesterolemia Total cholesterol > 199 mg/dL228 (24.6)12 (14.1)0.030
High LDL cholesterol LDL > 100 mg/dL492 (53.1)31 (36.5)0.003
Low HDL cholesterolHDL < 35 mg/dL424 (46.4)64 (76.2)<0.001
Low TSH TSH < 0.35 µIU/mL169 (18.9)31 (39.2)<0.001
High TSH TSH > 4.94 µIU/mL31 (4.1)6 (11.1)0.030
High CRP CRP > 0.8 mg/dL639 (68.9)70 (82.4)0.010
HBsAg positivity11 (1.2)4 (4.7)0.031

Hb: hemoglobin; PLT: platelet; ESR: erythrocyte sedimentation rate; TIBC: total iron-binding capacity; ALT: alanine aminotransferase; AST: aspartate aminotransferase; LDL: low-density lipoprotein; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; TSH: thyroid stimulating hormone; CRP: C-reactive protein.