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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4768420, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4768420
Research Article

The Impact of Social and Cultural Engagement and Dieting on Well-Being and Resilience in a Group of Residents in the Metropolitan Area of Naples

1Department of Advanced Biomedical Science, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
2Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
3Arci Movie, 80147 Naples, Italy
4Department of Physics, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
5IEOS-CNR, Naples, Italy
6Fondazione GENS Onlus, 80121 Naples, Italy
7Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy
8R&D Unit, Federico II University Hospital, 80131 Naples, Italy
9Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy

Received 26 February 2016; Revised 24 April 2016; Accepted 26 April 2016

Academic Editor: F. R. Ferraro

Copyright © 2016 Antonio Rapacciuolo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Social isolation and exclusion are associated with poor health status and premature death. A number of related isolation factors, inadequate transportation system and restrictions in individuals’ life space, have been associated with malnutrition in older adults. Since eating is a social event, isolation can have a negative effect on nutrition. Cultural involvement and participation in interactive activities are essential tools to fight social isolation, and they can counteract the detrimental effects of social isolation on health. To provide data supporting the hypothesis that encouraging participation might represent an innovative preventive and health promoting strategy for healthy living and aging, we developed an ad hoc questionnaire to investigate the relationship between cultural participation, well-being, and resilience in a sample of residents in the metropolitan area of Naples. The questionnaire includes a question on adherence to diet or to a special nutritional regimen; in addition, the participants are asked to mention their height and weight. We investigated the relationship between BMI, adherence to diet, and perceived well-being (PWB) and resilience in a sample of 571 subjects over 60 years of age. Here, we present evidence that engagement into social and cultural activities is associated with higher well-being and resilience, in particular in females over 60 years of age.