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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 6171028, 6 pages
Research Article

Effect of Electronic Messaging on Physical Activity Participation among Older Adults

Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302, USA

Received 6 February 2016; Revised 7 April 2016; Accepted 24 April 2016

Academic Editor: Guido Iaccarino

Copyright © 2016 Chantrell Antoine Parker and Rebecca Ellis. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to determine if electronic messaging would increase min of aerobic physical activity (PA) among older adults. Participants were active older adults (; M age = 60 years, SD = 5.99, and range = 51–74 years). Using an incomplete within-subjects crossover design, participants were randomly assigned to begin the 4-week study receiving the treatment condition (a morning and evening text message) or the control condition (an evening text message). Participants self-reported min of completed aerobic PA by cell phone text. The 1-way within-subjects ANOVA showed significant group differences (). Specifically, when participants were in the treatment condition, they reported significantly greater average weekly min of aerobic PA (M = 96.88 min, SD = 62.9) compared to when they completed the control condition (M = 71.68 min, SD = 40.98). Electronic messaging delivered via cell phones was effective at increasing min of aerobic PA among older adults.