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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 1978670, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1978670
Research Article

Effects of Multicomponent Exercise on Functional and Cognitive Parameters of Hypertensive Patients: A Quasi-Experimental Study

1School of Physical Education, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
2Center of Health Sciences, University of Mogi das Cruzes, Mogi das Cruzes, SP, Brazil
3School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
4Brazil School of Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Hélio José Coelho Junior; rb.moc.liamtoh@roinujohleoc

Received 13 December 2016; Revised 15 February 2017; Accepted 23 February 2017; Published 19 March 2017

Academic Editor: F. R. Ferraro

Copyright © 2017 Hélio José Coelho Junior et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 6-month multicomponent exercise program (MCEP) on physical function and cognitive parameters of normotensive (NTS) and hypertensive (HTS) older patients and verify if age can influence the adaptations in response to the exercise. Methods. A total of 218 subjects, 101 NTS and 117 HTS, were recruited and underwent functional and cognitive evaluations before and after six months of a MCEP. The program of exercise was performed twice a week, for 26 weeks. The physical exercises were thought to mimic the activities of daily living and, therefore, aggregated functional and walking exercises. Exercise sessions were performed at moderate intensity. Results. Data indicated that HTS and NST patients showed a similar increase in the performance of walking speed test and one-leg stand test after the MCEP. Regarding age, results did not show differences in the magnitude of adaptations between old and young HTS and NTS patients. Conclusions. Data of the present study indicated that a 6-month MCEP was able to increase equally balance and mobility in NTS and HTS patients. Moreover, data demonstrated that aging did not seem to impair the capacity to adapt in response to exercise in both groups.