Table 1: Mean values (and standard deviation) of demographic characteristics, MMSE, and PAQ-50+ scores in the intervention and control group.

InterventionControlStatistics

Age (years)70.25 (±3.77)72.38 (±4.17)t(35) = −1.61,
Gender (men/women)8/89/12
Education (1/2)8/89/12c2(1,N = 37) = 0.19,
Driving time (hours per month)10.63 (±7.21)9.88 (±8.39)t(35) = 0.02,
MMSE (score)28.63 (±1.09)28.62 (±1.20)t(35) = 0.28,
PAQ-50+ (MET/week)Pre126.37 (±67.60)125.35 (±66.84)T: F(1,35) = 2.66, , η2 = 0.071
GT: F(1,35) = 0.96, , η2= 0.027
Post102.50 (±39.06)119.40 (±65.76)

Statistics included t-tests, chi-square test (for education: 1 = A level, 2 = O level), and ANOVA (G = group effects, T = time effects) to analyze group differences.