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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2019, Article ID 8510792, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8510792
Review Article

Evaluation of Person-Centredness in Rehabilitation for People Living with Dementia Is Needed: A Review of the Literature

1Department of Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy, Zealand University Hospital, Roskilde–Koege, Sygehusvej 10, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
2Department of Public Health, J. B. Winsløwsvej 9A, University of Southern Denmark, 5000 Odense C, Denmark
3Department of Occupational Therapy, University College Absalon, Parkvej 190, 4700 Næstved, Denmark
4Danish Knowledge Centre for Rehabilitation and Palliative Care (REHPA), Vestergade 17, 5800 Nyborg, Denmark

Correspondence should be addressed to Kate Allen Christensen; moc.oohay@nesnetsirhceitak

Received 30 November 2018; Revised 14 March 2019; Accepted 24 March 2019; Published 2 May 2019

Academic Editor: F. R. Ferraro

Copyright © 2019 Kate Allen Christensen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. With an expected increase in the prevalence of dementia, change in care policies and healthcare systems worldwide is needed. Rehabilitation is increasingly recognised as contributing to dementia care. Rehabilitation subscribes to person-centredness, and thus, evaluations of person-centredness in rehabilitation for people living with dementia are relevant in order for healthcare professionals to know how best to practice person-centredness. Aim. The aim of this study was to identify methods of evaluating person-centeredness in rehabilitation for people living with dementia. Materials and Methods. Review of the literature using the search terms dementia, person-centredness, and rehabilitation or occupational therapy. Databases searched included: CINAHL, PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, OTseeker, and SveMed+. The study included peer-reviewed articles from year 2000 to 2018 in Danish, English, Norwegian, or Swedish. Results. Only one academic article met the inclusion criteria. In that article, person-centred practice was evaluated using observation and interview as well as analytical frameworks from person-centred care and occupational therapy. Conclusion. Evaluations of person-centred practice in rehabilitation for people living with dementia in peer-reviewed literature are lacking. Evaluations are needed to identify effective strategies to pursue and uphold person-centred care. Given the dearth of research on evaluations of person-centredness in rehabilitation, this article included research in person-centred dementia care in the discussion, which potentially can inspire practice and research of rehabilitation for people living with dementia. To understand the complex nature of person-centredness, a variety of research methodologies of qualitative and quantitative characters are recommended for evaluations.