Table of Contents
Journal of Astrophysics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 168718, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/168718
Research Article

Studies on Longer Wavelength Type II Radio Bursts Associated with Flares and CMEs during the Rise and Decay Phase of 23rd Solar Cycle

School of Physics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021, India

Received 4 December 2013; Revised 13 March 2014; Accepted 2 May 2014; Published 3 June 2014

Academic Editor: Luciano Nicastro

Copyright © 2014 V. Vasanth and S. Umapathy. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. J. Reiner, “High-frequency Type II radio emissions associated with shocks driven by coronal mass ejections,” Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics, vol. 104, no. 8, pp. 16979–16991, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. P. Wild and L. L. McCready, “Observations of the spectrum of high intensity solar radiations at metrewavelengths,” Australian Journal of Scientific Research A, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 541–557, 1950. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. R. Payne-Scott, D. E. Yabsley, and J. G. Bolton, “Relative times of arrival of bursts of solar noise on different radio frequencies,” Nature, vol. 160, no. 4060, pp. 256–257, 1947. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. H. Malitson, J. Fainberg, and R. G. Stone, “Observation of a Type II solar radio burst to 37 Rsun,” Astrophysical Journal, vol. 14, pp. 111–114, 1973. View at Google Scholar
  5. A. Boischot, A. C. Riddle, J. B. Pearce, and J. W. Warwick, “Shock waves and Type II radiobursts in the interplanetary medium,” Solar Physics, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 397–404, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. V. Cane, N. R. Sheeley, and R. A. Howard, “Energetic interplanetary shocks, radio emission, and coronal mass ejections,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 92, no. 9, pp. 9869–9874, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. D. Lengyel-Frey and R. G. Stone, “Characteristics of interplanetary Type II radio emission and the relationship to shock and plasma properties,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 159–167, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. J.-L. Bougeret, M. L. Kaiser, P. J. Kellogg et al., “WAVES: the radio and plasma wave investigation on the wind spacecraft,” Space Science Reviews, vol. 71, no. 1–4, pp. 231–263, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. L. Kaiser, M. J. Reiner, N. Gopalswamy et al., “Type II radio emissions in the frequency range from 1– MHz associated with the April 7, 1997 solar event,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 25, no. 14, pp. 2501–2504, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. J. Reiner, M. L. Kaiser, J. Fainberg, J.-L. Bougeret, and R. G. Stone, “On the origin of radio emissions associated with the January 6–11, 1997, CME,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 25, no. 14, pp. 2493–2496, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. Vasanth, S. Umapathy, B. Vršnak, and M. Anna Lakshmi, “Characteristics of Type-II radio bursts associated with flares and CMEs,” Solar Physics, vol. 273, no. 1, pp. 143–162, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, M. L. Kaiser, R. A. Howard, and J.-L. Bougeret, “Characteristics of coronal mass ejections associated with long-wavelength Type II radio bursts,” Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics, vol. 106, no. 12, pp. 29219–29229, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. B. Vršnak and E. W. Cliver, “Origin of coronal shock waves: iIInvited review,” Solar Physics, vol. 253, no. 1-2, pp. 215–235, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Magdalenić, B. Vršnak, S. Pohjolainen, M. Temmer, H. Aurass, and N. J. Lehtinen, “A flare-generated shock during a coronal mass ejection on 24 December 1996,” Solar Physics, vol. 253, no. 1-2, pp. 305–317, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Nindos, C. E. Alissandrakis, A. Hillaris, and P. Preka-Papadema, “On the relationship of shock waves to flares and coronal mass ejections,” Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 531, article A31, 12 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Lara, N. Gopalswamy, S. Nunes, G. Munoz, and S. Yashiro, “A statistical study of CMEs associated with metric Type II bursts,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. SEP 4-1–SEP 4-4, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. Gopalswamy, A. Lara, R. P. Lepping, M. L. Kaiser, D. Berdichevsky, and O. C. St. Cyr, “Interplanetary acceleration of coronal mass ejections,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 145–148, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. V. Vasanth and S. Umapathy, “A statistical study on CMEs associated with DH-Type-II radio bursts based on their source location (limb and disk events),” Solar Physics, vol. 282, no. 1, pp. 239–247, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. V. Vasanth and S. Umapathy, “A statistical study on DH CMEs and its geo-effectiveness,” ISRN Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 2013, Article ID 129426, 13 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek et al., “The SOHO/LASCO CME catalog,” Earth, Moon and Planets, vol. 104, no. 1–4, pp. 295–313, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Yashiro, N. Gopalswamy, G. Michalek et al., “A catalog of white light coronal mass ejections observed by the SOHO spacecraft,” Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics, vol. 109, no. 7, article 105, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. E. Brueckner, J.-P. Delaboudiniere, R. A. Howard et al., “Geomagnetic storms caused by coronal mass ejections (CMEs): March 1996 through June 1997,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 25, no. 15, pp. L3019–L3022, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. Gopalswamy, E. Aguilar-Rodriguez, S. Yashiro, S. Nunes, M. L. Kaiser, and R. A. Howard, “Type II radio bursts and energetic solar eruptions,” Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics, vol. 110, no. 12, article S07, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. Gopalswamy, “Coronal mass ejections and Type II bursts,” in Solar Eruptions and Energetic Particles, N. Gopalswamy, R. Mewaldt, and J. Torsti, Eds., vol. 165 of Geophysical Monograph Series, p. 207, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  25. Y. Leblanc, G. A. Dulk, and J.-L. Bougeret, “Tracing the electron density from the corona to 1 AU,” Solar Physics, vol. 183, no. 1, pp. 165–180, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. N. Gopalswamy, W. T. Thompson, J. M. Davila et al., “Relation between Type II bursts and CMEs inferred from STEREO observations,” Solar Physics, vol. 259, no. 1-2, pp. 227–254, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. B. Vršnak, J. Magdalenić, and H. Aurass, “Comparative analysis of Type II bursts and of thermal and non-thermal flare signatures,” Solar Physics, vol. 202, no. 2, pp. 319–335, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. B. Vršnak, “Processes and mechanisms governing the initiation and propagation of CMEs,” Annales Geophysicae, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 3089–3101, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. T. Gosling, E. Hildner, R. M. MacQueen, R. H. Munro, A. I. Poland, and C. L. Ross, “The speeds of coronal mass ejection events,” Solar Physics, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 389–397, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Y.-J. Moon, G. S. Choe, H. Wang et al., “A statistical study of two classes of coronal mass ejections,” Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 581, no. 1, pp. 694–702, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. B. Vršnak, “Deceleration of coronal mass ejections,” Solar Physics, vol. 202, no. 1, pp. 173–189, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus