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Journal of Advanced Transportation
Volume 2018, Article ID 6387063, 14 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6387063
Research Article

Microscopic Congestion Detection Protocol in VANETs

1Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, Sichuan 611756, China
2Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Qingchun Chen; nc.ude.utjws@nehccq

Received 9 February 2018; Revised 24 May 2018; Accepted 7 June 2018; Published 28 June 2018

Academic Editor: María Calderon

Copyright © 2018 Mushtaq Ahmad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Effective transportation status surveillance imposes critical challenges for the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) design. In this paper, the microscopic congestion detection protocol (MCDP) is proposed to make the vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication capable of monitoring vehicle density and identifying traffic jam. By introducing transportation control domain in the existing network protocol header, each vehicle can count its neighbors and estimate the time spacing among vehicles. MCDP provides an infrastructure-less solution to the estimate of vehicle density, flow, and average velocity in a microscopically manner. Moreover, the safety speed limit is introduced to make each vehicle calculate its time to cover the intervehicle distance, such that every vehicle is able to assess the transportation congestion by comparing with some predefined safety time threshold. Monte Carlo simulations of the MCDP over four typical Chinese highways are presented to compare the MCDP scheme with the existing Green-Shield congestion detection scheme. In addition, real road traces generated by SUMO over NS2 are utilized to show the achieved performance in terms of throughput, end-to-end delay, and packet delivery rate (PDR) in comparison to DSR and AOMDV in IEEE 802.11p and IEEE 802.11ac scenarios. On the basis of all the results, we conclude that MCDP is an inexpensive transport congestion detection technique for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs).