Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Botany
Volume 2010, Article ID 268540, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/268540
Research Article

Determining the Impact of the AM-Mycorrhizosphere on “Dwarf” Sunflower Zn Uptake and Soil-Zn Bioavailability

1Department of Biology, Ottawa-Carleton Institute of Biology, University of Ottawa, 30 Marie Curie Priv., Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6N5
2Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation, Sustainable Minerals Institute, University of Queensland, St. Lucia Campus, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia

Received 16 June 2010; Revised 13 August 2010; Accepted 15 October 2010

Academic Editor: Andrea Polle

Copyright © 2010 Patrick Audet and Christiane Charest. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Schüßler, D. Schwarzott, and C. Walker, “A new fungal phylum, the Glomeromycota: phylogeny and evolution,” Mycological Research, vol. 105, no. 12, pp. 1413–1421, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Christie, X. Li, and B. Chen, “Arbuscular mycorrhiza can depress translocation of zinc to shoots of host plants in soils moderately polluted with zinc,” Plant and Soil, vol. 261, no. 1-2, pp. 209–217, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Jeffries, S. Gianinazzi, S. Perotto, K. Turnau, and J.-M. Barea, “The contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in sustainable maintenance of plant health and soil fertility,” Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. J. Joner, R. Briones, and C. Leyval, “Metal-binding capacity of arbuscular mycorrhizal mycelium,” Plant and Soil, vol. 226, no. 2, pp. 227–234, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. Leyval, K. Turnau, and K. Haselwandter, “Effect of heavy metal pollution on mycorrhizal colonization and function: physiological, ecological and applied aspects,” Mycorrhiza, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 139–153, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. A. Meharg, “The mechanistic basis of interactions between mycorrhizal associations and toxic metal cations,” Mycological Research, vol. 107, no. 11, pp. 1253–1265, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Audet and C. Charest, “Heavy metal phytoremediation from a meta-analytical perspective,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 147, no. 1, pp. 231–237, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Audet and C. Charest, “Dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis in heavy metal phytoremediation: meta-analytical and conceptual perspectives,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 147, no. 3, pp. 609–614, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. Audet and C. Charest, “Allocation plasticity and plant-metal partitioning: meta-analytical perspectives in phytoremediation,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 156, no. 2, pp. 290–296, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. Audet and C. Charest, “Contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis to in vitro root metal uptake: from trace to toxic metal conditions,” Botany, vol. 87, no. 10, pp. 913–921, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. G. Barceloux, “Zinc,” Journal of Toxicology—Clinical Toxicology, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 279–292, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. L. Chaney, “Zinc phytotoxicity,” in Zinc in Soils and Plants, A. D. Robson, Ed., pp. 135–150, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dodrecht, The Netherlands, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  13. T. R. Cavagnaro, “The role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in improving plant zinc nutrition under low soil zinc concentrations: a review,” Plant and Soil, vol. 304, no. 1-2, pp. 315–325, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. Audet and C. Charest, “Effects of AM colonization on "wild tobacco" plants grown in zinc-contaminated soil,” Mycorrhiza, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 277–283, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. J. Reid, G. L. Northcott, K. C. Jones, and K. T. Semple, “Evaluation of spiking procedures for the introduction of poorly water soluble contaminants into soil,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3224–3227, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. S. Smith, C. M. Johnston, and I. S. Cornforth, “Comparison of nutrient solutions for growth of plants in sand culture,” New Phytologist, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 537–548, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W. H. Hendershot, H. Lalande, and M. Duquette, “Soil reaction and exchangeable acidity,” in Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, M. R. Carter and E. G. Gregorich, Eds., pp. 173–178, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2nd edition, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  18. K. Wenger, S. K. Gupta, G. Furrer, and R. Schulin, “Zinc extraction potential of two common crop plants, Nicotiana tabacum and Zea mays,” Plant and Soil, vol. 242, no. 2, pp. 217–225, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. Dalpé, “Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae,” in Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, M. R. Carter, Ed., pp. 287–301, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 3rd edition, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  20. T. P. McGonigle, M. H. Miller, D. G. Evans, G. L. Fairchild, and J. A. Swan, “A new method which gives an objective measure of colonization of roots by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi,” New Phytologist, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 495–501, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. F. Allen, “Modeling arbuscular mycorrhizal infection: is % infection an appropriate variable?” Mycorrhiza, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 255–258, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. H. Zar, Biostatistical Analysis, Prentice-Hall, Upper-Saddle River, NJ, USA, 3rd edition, 1999.
  23. Y. L. Bi, X. L. Li, and P. Christie, “Influence of early stages of arbuscular mycorrhiza on uptake of zinc and phosphorus by red clover from a low-phosphorus soil amended with zinc and phosphorus,” Chemosphere, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 831–837, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. X. Li and P. Christie, “Changes in soil solution Zn and pH and uptake of Zn by arbuscular mycorrhizal red clover in Zn-contaminated soil,” Chemosphere, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 201–207, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. F. Rivera-Becerril, C. Calantzis, K. Turnau et al., “Cadmium accumulation and buffering of cadmium-induced stress by arbuscular mycorrhiza in three Pisum sativum L. genotypes,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 53, no. 371, pp. 1177–1185, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Zhu, P. Christie, and A. S. Laidlaw, “Uptake of Zn by arbuscular mycorrhizal white clover from Zn-contaminated soil,” Chemosphere, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 193–199, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. M. Gadd, “Interactions of fungi with toxic metals,” New Phytologist, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 25–60, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. U. Galli, H. Schuepp, and C. Brunold, “Heavy metal binding by mycorrhizal fungi,” Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 364–368, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. Gonzalez-Chavez, J. D'Haen, J. Vangronsveld, and J. C. Dodd, “Copper sorption and accumulation by the extraradical mycelium of different Glomus spp. (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi) isolated from the same polluted soil,” Plant and Soil, vol. 240, no. 2, pp. 287–297, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. B. Chen, P. Christie, and X. Li, “A modified glass bead compartment cultivation system for studies on nutrient and trace metal uptake by arbuscular mycorrhiza,” Chemosphere, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 185–192, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. González-Guerrero, C. Cano, C. Azcón-Aguilar, and N. Ferrol, “GintMT1 encodes a functional metallothionein in Glomus intraradices that responds to oxidative stress,” Mycorrhiza, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 327–335, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. Schützendübel and A. Polle, “Plant responses to abiotic stresses: heavy metal-induced oxidative stress and protection by mycorrhization,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 53, no. 372, pp. 1351–1365, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. Cobbett and P. Goldsbrough, “Phytochelatins and metallothioneins: roles in heavy metal detoxification and homeostasis,” Annual Review of Plant Biology, vol. 53, pp. 159–182, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. K. Ker and C. Charest, “Nickel remediation by AM-colonized sunflower,” Mycorrhiza, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 399–406, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. S. Declerck, H. Dupré de Boulois, C. Bivort, and B. Delvaux, “Extraradical mycelium of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus lamellosum can take up, accumulate and translocate radiocaesium under root-organ culture conditions,” Environmental Microbiology, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 510–516, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. A. Hovsepyan and S. Greipsson, “Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on phytoextraction by corn (Zea mays) of lead-contaminated soil,” International Journal of Phytoremediation, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 305–321, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. F. T. Davies Jr., J. D. Puryear, R. J. Newton, J. N. Egilla, and J. A. Saraiva Grossi, “Mycorrhizal fungi enhance accumulation and tolerance of chromium in sunflower (Helianthus annuus),” Journal of Plant Physiology, vol. 158, no. 6, pp. 777–786, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. H. Marschener, “Role of root growth, arbuscular mycorrhiza, and root exudates for the efficiency in nutrient acquisition,” Field Crops Research, vol. 56, no. 1-2, pp. 203–207, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. S. E. Smith and V. Gianinazzi-Pearson, “Physiological interactions between symbionts in vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal plants,” Annual Review of Plant Physiology, vol. 39, pp. 221–244, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  40. A. H. Fitter, “Costs and benefits of mycorrhizas: implications for functioning under natural conditions,” Experientia, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 350–355, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. P. Audet and C. Charest, “Identification of constraining experimental design factors in mycorrhizal pot-growth studies,” Journal of Botany, vol. 2010, Article ID 718013, 6 pages, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. M. C. Chuan, G. Y. Shu, and J. C. Liu, “Solubility of heavy metals in a contaminated soil: effects of redox potential and pH,” Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol. 90, no. 3-4, pp. 543–556, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. C. E. Martínez and H. L. Motto, “Solubility of lead, zinc and copper added to mineral soils,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 153–158, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. S. M. Ross, “Retention, transformation and mobility of toxic metals in soils,” in Toxic Metals in Soil-Plant Systems, S. M. Ross, Ed., pp. 63–152, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  45. F. M. Tack, O. W. J. J. Callewaert, and M. G. Verloo, “Metal solubility as a function of pH in a contaminated, dredged sediment affected by oxidation,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 199–208, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. K. Lock and C. R. Janssen, “Influence of aging on metal availability in soils,” Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 178, pp. 1–21, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. R. Apak, “Adsorption of heavy metal ions on soil surfaces and similar substances,” in Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science, A. T. Hubbard, Ed., pp. 385–417, Dekker Encyclopedias, New York, NY, USA, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  48. H. B. Bradl, “Adsorption of heavy metal ions on soils and soils constituents,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 277, no. 1, pp. 1–18, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. B. Bago, H. Vierheilig, Y. Piché, and C. Azcón-Aguilar, “Nitrate depletion and pH changes induced by the extraradical mycelium of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices grown in monoxenic culture,” New Phytologist, vol. 133, no. 2, pp. 273–280, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. G. Eckhard, H. Marschner, and I. Jakobsen, “The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in uptake of phosphorus and nitrogen from soil,” Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, vol. 15, pp. 257–270, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  51. T. S. Gahoonia and N. E. Nielsen, “The effects of root-induced pH changes on the depletion of inorganic and organic phosphorus in the rhizosphere,” Plant and Soil, vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 185–191, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. X. Li, E. George, and H. Marschner, “Phosphorus depletion and pH decrease at the root-soil and hyphae-soil interfaces of VA mycorrhizal white clover fertilized with ammonium,” New Phytologist, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 397–404, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. G. Rufyikiri, S. Declerck, and Y. Thiry, “Comparison of 233U and 33P uptake and translocation by the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices in root organ culture conditions,” Mycorrhiza, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 203–207, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. R. M. Miller and J. D. Jastrow, “Hierarchy of root and mycorrhizal fungal interactions with soil aggregation,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 579–584, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. R. M. Augé, A. J. W. Stodola, J. E. Tims, and A. M. Saxton, “Moisture retention properties of a mycorrhizal soil,” Plant and Soil, vol. 230, no. 1, pp. 87–97, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. J. S. Piotrowski, T. Denich, J. N. Klironomos, J. M. Graham, and M. C. Rillig, “The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizas on soil aggregation depend on the interaction between plant and fungal species,” New Phytologist, vol. 164, no. 2, pp. 365–373, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus