Table of Contents
Journal of Biomedical Education
Volume 2016, Article ID 3508638, 4 pages
Research Article

Initial Characterization of Internal Medicine Resident Resilience and Association with Stress and Burnout

1Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
2Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

Received 8 June 2016; Accepted 11 August 2016

Academic Editor: Saeed Farooq

Copyright © 2016 Amber-Nicole Bird and Amber T. Pincavage. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Burnout is prevalent in medical trainees. Little data exists on resident resilience. Methods. Anonymous surveys were provided to a convenience sample of internal medicine residents. Resilience was assessed using the Connor-Davidson resilience scale. Responses were categorized into low (<70), intermediate (70–79), and high (80–100) resilience. Results. 77 residents from six institutions completed surveys. 26% of residents had high resilience, 43% intermediate, and 31% low. The mean resilience score was and lower than the general population (mean , ). Trainees with high resilience were more likely to never have stress interfere with their relationships outside of work (high: 40%; low: 0%; ). High resilience residents were more likely to have the skills to manage stress and burnout (high: 80%; low: 46%; ) and less likely to feel inferior to peers (high: 20.0%; low: 70.8%; ). There was a trend towards those with high resilience reporting less burnout (high: 40.0%; intermediate: 27%; low: 16.7%; ). Only 60% report a program outlet to discuss burnout. Conclusions. There is a wide range of resilience among IM residents and scores were lower than the general population. Low resilience is associated with more stress interfering with relationships, feeling inferior to peers, and fewer skills to manage stress and burnout.