Table of Contents
Journal of Biomarkers
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 403783, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/403783
Research Article

eNOS Gene Variant in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 14114, Iran

Received 4 September 2012; Revised 21 October 2012; Accepted 27 October 2012

Academic Editor: José Luis Martín-Ventura

Copyright © 2013 Milad Abolhalaj et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Subject & Aim. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is one of the most important candidate genes in CAD. A functional polymorphism within eNOS gene is a 27 bp VNTR on its intron 4 which has been shown to be associated with various diseases. In this study we investigated eNOS VNTR polymorphism in addition to eNOS gene expression profile in patients with CAD. Material and Methods. The study comprised patients with angiographically confirmed CAD (CAD+) and individuals with normal coronary as CAD. eNOS VNTR polymorphism frequencies were determined in both groups. In addition eNOS gene expression profile was examined using a quantitative real-time PCR. Results. We have found that aa genotype was significantly increasing the risk of CAD in our patients (aa versus ab + bb, , ; 95% CI: = 0.98 to 16.2). The differences in eNOS expression were not significant between patients and normal group; however in CAD+ patients eNOS expression was higher than the expression level of patients carrying other genotypes ( ). Conclusion. We have observed that eNOS gene polymorphism was associated with CAD in angiography-confirmed patients. However, the difference in eNOS gene expression was not statistically significant between patients and control which might be due to the contribution of other confounding factors which require further investigations.