Table of Contents
Journal of Biomarkers
Volume 2013, Article ID 810395, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/810395
Research Article

Association between a Tetranucleotide Repeat Polymorphism of SPAG16 Gene and Cataract in Male Children

1School of Public Health and Psychiatry Institute, University of Illinois, 1601 West Taylor Street, 306N Chicago, IL 60612, USA
2Biological Sciences Department, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Jawahar Nagar, Shameerpet Mandal, R. R. District, Hyderabad 500078, India
3Department of Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Dr. Shroff's Charity Eye Hospital, 5027 Kedar Nath Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi 110 002, India

Received 22 May 2012; Accepted 13 August 2012

Academic Editor: Ranju Ralhan

Copyright © 2013 Shipra Mehra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. Studies involving genotyping of STR markers at 2q34 have repeatedly found the region to host the disease haplotype for pediatric cataract. Present study investigated the association of D2S2944 marker, in sperm associated antigen 16 (SPAG16) gene and rs2289917 polymorphism, in γ-crystallin B gene, with childhood cataract. Methods. 97 pediatric cataract cases and 110 children with no ocular defects were examined for tetranucleotide repeat marker/SNP using PCR-SSLP/RFLP techniques. Polymorphisms were assessed for association using contingency tables and linkage disequilibrium among alleles of the markers was estimated. Energy-optimization program predicted the secondary structure models of repeats of D2S2944. Results. Seven alleles of D2S2944, with 9–15 “GATA” repeats, were observed. Frequency of the longer allele of D2S2944, ≥(GATA)13 repeats, was 0.73 in cases and 0.56 in controls ( ). Male children bearing ≥(GATA)13 repeats showed >3-fold higher risk for cataract (CI95% = 1.43–7.00, , ) as compared to female children ( , CI95% = 0.49–2.92, ). Cases with haplotype—≥(GATA)13 of D2S2944 and “C” allele rs2289917—have a higher risk for pediatric cataract ( , CI95% = 1.595~5.463, ). >(GATA)13 repeats formed energetically more favorable stem-loop structure. Conclusion. Intragenic microsatellite repeat expansion in SPAG16 gene increases predisposition to pediatric cataract by probably interfering posttranscriptional events and affecting the expression of adjacent lens transparency gene/s in a gender bias manner.