Table of Contents
Journal of Biomarkers
Volume 2014, Article ID 310241, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/310241
Research Article

A Study on MTHFR C677T Gene Polymorphism and Alcohol Dependence among Meiteis of Manipur, India

1Molecular Anthropology Laboratory, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India
2Department of Anthropology and Tribal Development, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh 495009, India
3The INCLEN Trust International, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase I, New Delhi 110020, India

Received 28 May 2014; Accepted 15 September 2014; Published 1 October 2014

Academic Editor: Ranju Ralhan

Copyright © 2014 Huidrom Suraj Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Chronic alcohol consumption is reported to be associated with increase in plasma homocysteine levels which is further influenced by the polymorphism in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. The present study aims to understand the extent of the MTHFR C677T polymorphism in alcohol dependent (AD) cases of Meiteis of Manipur, a Mendelian population of India. MTHFR C677T polymorphism was screened in 313 controls and 139 alcohol dependent (AD) cases who all met DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence. Both AD cases and controls were unrelated up to 1st cousin. Among the control group, different drinking patterns like abstainer/nondrinkers (NDs), occasional drinkers (ODs), and moderate drinkers (MDs) are included. Both the groups were found to be in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (). Genotypic and allelic frequency distribution of MTHFR C677T polymorphism did not differ significantly between AD cases and controls (). However, individuals carrying mutant (T) allele show more than 1-fold increased risk for AD though not significant (OR = 1.43; 95% CI 0.41–5.01, ). In conclusion, MTHFR C677T polymorphism is not found to be risk marker for AD in present studied population. However, higher prevalence of the mutant T allele may exacerbate deleterious health risk in future especially among alcohol drinkers.