Table of Contents
Journal of Blood Transfusion
Volume 2016, Article ID 8546803, 8 pages
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, and Factors Associated with Voluntary Blood Donation among University Students in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

1Institute of Public Health, Department of Community Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KCMUCo), P.O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania
2Institute of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, KCMUCo, Moshi, Tanzania
3Northern Zone Blood Transfusion Centre, P.O. Box 823, Moshi, Tanzania
4Department of Pediatrics, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC), Box 3010, Moshi, Tanzania
5Department of Community Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC), Moshi, Tanzania

Received 23 August 2016; Revised 25 October 2016; Accepted 17 November 2016

Academic Editor: Silvano Wendel

Copyright © 2016 Elionora Elias et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Understanding the knowledge and awareness of blood donation among potential blood donors in the population, like young people, and the associated attitudes and practices is important. Methodology. This was a cross-sectional study whereby a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information from the consenting participants. Results. A total of 422 participants were enrolled. Their mean age was 24.2 (SD 3.6) years. Of the 422, 30% have ever donated blood. 55% of those who had ever donated were repeated blood donors. Majority of the participants (93%) had positive attitudes towards blood donation and 88% were willing to donate in the future. Factors that were significantly associated with ever donating blood were male gender, knowing a person who has donated blood, knowledge of the amount of blood donated, willingness to donate in the future, and not expecting any postdonation reward. Discussion. High awareness, positive attitude, and high intention to donate in the future should be used to underscore the need to educate the young people on the value of blood donation in saving lives and to give them correct information on overall requirements for blood donation.