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Journal of Combustion
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 540390, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/540390
Research Article

Simulation of Coupled Fire/Atmosphere Interaction with the MesoNH-ForeFire Models

1SPE-CNRS UMR 6134, Campus Grossetti, BP 52, 20250 Corte, France
2LA-CNRS UMR 5560, OMP, 14 Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France

Received 15 January 2011; Accepted 16 May 2011

Academic Editor: William E. Mell

Copyright © 2011 Jean-Baptiste Filippi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Simulating interaction between forest fire and atmospheric processes requires a highly detailed and computationally intensive model. Processing this type of simulations in wildland fires forbids combustion-based models due to the large amount of fuels to be simulated in terms of quantity and diversity. In this paper, we propose an approach that couples a fire area simulator to a mesoscale weather numerical model in order to simulate local fire/atmosphere interaction. Five idealized simulation cases are analysed showing strong interaction between topography and the fire front induced wind, interactions that could not be simulated in noncoupled simulations. The same approach applied to a real-case scenario also shows results that are qualitatively comparable to the observed case. All these results were obtained in less than a day of calculation on a dual processor computer, leaving room for improvement in grid resolution that is currently limited to fifty meter.