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Journal of Combustion
Volume 2012, Article ID 781659, 8 pages
Research Article

Hydrothermal Upgrading of Korean MSW for Solid Fuel Production: Effect of MSW Composition

Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, G5-8, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503, Japan

Received 1 November 2011; Revised 3 January 2012; Accepted 27 January 2012

Academic Editor: Panagiotis Grammelis

Copyright © 2012 Daegi Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In Korea, municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment is conducted by converting wastes into energy resources using the mechanical-biological treatment (MBT). The small size MSW to be separated from raw MSW by mechanical treatment (MT) is generally treated by biological treatment that consists of high composition of food residue and paper and so forth. In this research, the hydrothermal treatment was applied to treat the surrogate MT residue composed of paper and/or kimchi. It was shown that the hydrothermal treatment increased the calorific value of the surrogate MT residue due to increasing fixed carbon content and decreasing oxygen content and enhanced the dehydration and drying performances of kimchi. Comparing the results of paper and kimchi samples, the calorific value of the treated product from paper was increased more effectively due to its high content of cellulose. Furthermore, the change of the calorific value before and after the hydrothermal treatment of the mixture of paper and kimchi can be well predicted by this change of paper and kimchi only. The hydrothermal treatment can be expected to effectively convert high moisture MT residue into a uniform solid fuel.