Table 1: The basic data of the engine.

Engine type4-cylinder, 4-stroke, DI

Bore85 mm
Stroke92 mm
Connect rod145 mm
Compression ratio17.5
Fire order1-3-4-2
Rated speed3000 rpm
Rated power48 kW
Fuel pumpVE4 11e1600r2d01
Static injection timing7° CA before TDC
Inlet valve opening16° CA before TDC
Inlet valve closure42° CA after BDC
Exhaust valve opening45° CA before TDC
Exhaust valve closure14° CA after BDC