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Journal of Combustion
Volume 2014, Article ID 280501, 16 pages
Research Article

Augmenting the Structures in a Swirling Flame via Diffusive Injection

Cardiff School of Engineering, Queen’s Buildings, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK

Received 17 February 2014; Revised 27 April 2014; Accepted 4 June 2014; Published 13 August 2014

Academic Editor: Kalyan Annamalai

Copyright © 2014 Jonathan Lewis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Small scale experimentation using particle image velocimetry investigated the effect of the diffusive injection of methane, air, and carbon dioxide on the coherent structures in a swirling flame. The interaction between the high momentum flow region (HMFR) and central recirculation zone (CRZ) of the flame is a potential cause of combustion induced vortex breakdown (CIVB) and occurs when the HMFR squeezes the CRZ, resulting in upstream propagation. The diffusive introduction of methane or carbon dioxide through a central injector increased the size and velocity of the CRZ relative to the HMFR whilst maintaining flame stability, reducing the likelihood of CIVB occurring. The diffusive injection of air had an opposing effect, reducing the size and velocity of the CRZ prior to eradicating it completely. This would also prevent combustion induced vortex breakdown CIVB occurring as a CRZ is fundamental to the process; however, without recirculation it would create an inherently unstable flame.