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Journal of Combustion
Volume 2016, Article ID 3092508, 11 pages
Research Article

Numerical Simulation of the Heat Transfer Behavior of a Zigzag Plate Containing a Phase Change Material for Combustion Heat Recovery and Power Generation

1State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex Systems, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2Beijing Shenwu Environment & Energy Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing 102299, China
3Global Energy Interconnection Research Institute, State Grid Corporation of China, Beijing 102211, China
4School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
5Birmingham Centre for Thermal Energy Storage, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK

Received 5 July 2016; Accepted 25 August 2016

Academic Editor: Richard Saurel

Copyright © 2016 Peilun Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study presents a numerical analysis of the melting process of phase change materials (PCMs) within a latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) system employing zigzag plate. The numerical model used NaCl-MgCl2 mixture as PCMs and hot air as heat transfer fluid (HTF). An experimental system was built to validate the model, and the experimental data agrees reasonably well with the simulation results. The simulation results revealed the effects of the Reynolds and Stefan numbers and the surface topography of the zigzag plate on the charging process. Besides, the effect of the relationship between Reynolds and Stefan numbers on the charging process under a new boundary condition employing a fixed input power was studied. It is found that by modifying the shape of the zigzag plate surface it is feasible to enhance the heat transfer of the LHTES unit remarkably. The melting rate of PCMs increases with the value of Ste or Re numbers with only one of them changing; however, the melting rate of PCMs decreases with the increasing Ste (or decreasing Re) in a fixed input power condition.