Table of Contents
Journal of Catalysts
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 582058, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/582058
Research Article

Photocatalytic Degradation of Acid Yellow 36 Using Zinc Oxide Photocatalyst in Aqueous Media

Department of Chemistry, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore 570006, India

Received 14 September 2012; Revised 26 December 2012; Accepted 16 January 2013

Academic Editor: David W. Mazyck

Copyright © 2013 Sajjad Khezrianjoo and Hosakere Doddarevanna Revanasiddappa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A detailed investigation of photocatalytic degradation of Acid Yellow 36 (AY36) has been carried out in aqueous heterogeneous medium containing ZnO as photocatalyst in a batch reactor. The effects of some parameters such as pH, catalyst loading, and ethanol concentration were examined. Solutions with initial concentration of 50 mg L−1 of dye, within the range of typical concentration in textile wastewaters, were treated at natural pH of 6.93 and catalyst concentration of 1 g L−1 after 180 min irradiation. Investigations on the active species indicated that hydroxyl radicals play the major role in the process. Experiments showed that the most efficient pH on the removal of the dye with photocatalytic degradation process was 8; however, acidic pH was favored for the dark surface adsorption. Electrical energy consumption per order of magnitude for photocatalytic degradation of AY36 has been also determined.