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Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
Volume 2014, Article ID 437971, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/437971
Research Article

Cancer Incidence in Egypt: Results of the National Population-Based Cancer Registry Program

1Department of Biostatistics and Cancer Epidemiology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
2Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
3Department of Biostatistics and Cancer Epidemiology, South Egypt Cancer Institute, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
4Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Received 7 June 2014; Revised 1 September 2014; Accepted 7 September 2014; Published 21 September 2014

Academic Editor: Lance A. Liotta

Copyright © 2014 Amal S. Ibrahim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. This paper aims to present cancer incidence rates at national and regional level of Egypt, based upon results of National Cancer Registry Program (NCRP). Methods. NCRP stratified Egypt into 3 geographical strata: lower, middle, and upper. One governorate represented each region. Abstractors collected data from medical records of cancer centers, national tertiary care institutions, Health Insurance Organization, Government-Subsidized Treatment Program, and death records. Data entry was online. Incidence rates were calculated at a regional and a national level. Future projection up to 2050 was also calculated. Results. Age-standardized incidence rates per 100,000 were 166.6 (both sexes), 175.9 (males), and 157.0 (females). Commonest sites were liver (23.8%), breast (15.4%), and bladder (6.9%) (both sexes): liver (33.6%) and bladder (10.7%) among men, and breast (32.0%) and liver (13.5%) among women. By 2050, a 3-fold increase in incident cancer relative to 2013 was estimated. Conclusion. These data are the only available cancer rates at national and regional levels of Egypt. The pattern of cancer indicated the increased burden of liver cancer. Breast cancer occupied the second rank. Study of rates of individual sites of cancer might help in giving clues for preventive programs.