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Journal of Construction Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 164863, 5 pages
Research Article

Current State of Off-Site Manufacturing in Australian and Chinese Residential Construction

School of Property, Construction and Project Management, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia

Received 6 June 2014; Accepted 19 September 2014; Published 25 September 2014

Academic Editor: F. Pacheco-Torgal

Copyright © 2014 Malik M. A. Khalfan and Tayyab Maqsood. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Many techniques have been implemented to make construction industry more productive. The key focus is on reduction of total duration, reduction in construction cost, improvements in the quality, achieving more sustainable development, and safer construction sites. One of the techniques, which is emerging in the last two decades, is the use of off-site manufacturing (OSM) within the construction industry. Several research projects and industry initiatives have reported the benefits and challenges of implementation of OSM. The focus of this paper is Australian and Chinese residential construction industry and the uptake of the OSM concepts. The paper presents a brief review of the current state of OSM in the last five to seven years with the context of the above-mentioned two countries. The paper concludes that the construction industry, both in Australia and China, needs to start walking the talk with regard to OSM adoption. The paper also highlights some of the research gaps in the OSM area, especially within the housing and residential sector.