Table of Contents
Journal of Construction Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 171989, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/171989
Research Article

A Reliable Visual Inspection Method for Vulnerability Assessment of Hyperstatic Structures Using Fuzzy Logic Analysis

1Department of Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering and Architecture (DICAAR), University of Cagliari, Via Marengo 2, 09123 Cagliari, Italy
2Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (DIEE), University of Cagliari, Via Marengo 2, 09123 Cagliari, Italy

Received 20 February 2015; Revised 30 June 2015; Accepted 7 July 2015

Academic Editor: F. Pacheco-Torgal

Copyright © 2015 Maria Valeria Piras et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Fuzzy logic applied to the visual inspection of existing buildings has been proposed in relation to simple structures. Isostatic structures are characterized by a unique and known collapse mechanism, which does not vary with geometry or load change. In this paper we apply fuzzy logic to visual inspection for complex structures such as hyperstatic ones in which the collapse mechanism depends not only on the geometry but also on the size and disposition of loads. The goal of this paper is to give relevant weight, in the fuzzy analysis, not only to the single expression of degradation, due to its localization within the element, but also to the structural element itself by assigning a different resistance to the various elements. The underlying aim of the proposed method is to manage, evaluate, and process all the information coming from visual inspections in order to realize a management information system for the evaluation of the safety level of even complex structures.