Table of Contents
Journal of Computational Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 964385, 10 pages
Research Article

A Robust Time Efficient Watermarking Technique for Stereo Images

1Informatics Research Institute, City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, P.O. Box 21934, New Borg-El-Arab City, Egypt
2Pharos University in Alexandria, P.O. Box 21311, Alexandria, Egypt
3Department of Math and Computer Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Received 13 May 2015; Accepted 16 June 2015

Academic Editor: Yaohua Deng

Copyright © 2015 M. A. Abdou and A. A. Saleh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Stereoscopic and multiview imaging techniques are used for reproducing a natural or real world scene. However, the fact that more information is displayed requires supporting technologies to ensure the storage and transmission of the sequences. Beyond these supports comes watermarking as a desirable alternative solution for copyright protection of stereo images and videos. This paper introduces a watermarking method applied to stereo images in wavelet domain. This method uses a particle swarm optimization (PSO) evolutionary computation method. The aim is to solve computational complexity problems as well as satisfy an execution time that complies with normal PCs or smart phones processors. Robustness against image attacks is tested, and results are shown.