Table 1: Optimal number of monotonic sections and PES for distribution BPL networks (OV: overhead; UN: underground).

Urban case AUrban case BSuburban caseRural case“LOS” case
Number of monotonic sections PES
(×10−5%)
Number of monotonic sections PES
(×10−5%)
Number of monotonic sections PES
(×10−5%)
Number of monotonic sections PES
(×10−5%)
Number of monotonic sections PES
(×10−5%)

OVMV
WtG1121.2220.9200.760.760.7
WtW141.3221.0201.550.350.5

OVLV WtG1101.0210.7200.621.221.4
WtW141.5211.1201.410.410.4

UNMV StP1190.9200.7221.051.111.1
PtP190.7200.7221.151.111.0

UNLV StP1161.0201.1181.410.910.8
PtP161.3201.1181.211.411.5