Table of Contents
Journal of Ceramics
Volume 2014, Article ID 618154, 6 pages
Research Article

Alumina-Based Ceramics for Armor Application: Mechanical Characterization and Ballistic Testing

1Núcleo de Pesquisa em Materiais Cerâmicos e Vítreos (CERMAT), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais (PGMAT), Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), 88040-900 Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
2CMC Tecnologia, Avenida Roberto Galli 1220, 88845-000 Cocal do Sul, SC, Brazil
3Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais (PPGCEM), Laboratório de Cerâmica Técnica (CerTec), Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense (UNESC), Avenida Universitária, 1105, 88806-000 Criciúma, SC, Brazil

Received 28 October 2013; Accepted 15 December 2013; Published 9 January 2014

Academic Editor: Shaomin Liu

Copyright © 2014 M. V. Silva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this work is to present results of mechanical characterization and ballistic test of alumina-based armor plates. Three compositions (92, 96, and 99 wt% Al2O3) were tested for 10 mm thick plates processed in an industrial plant. Samples were pressed at 110 MPa and sintered at 1600°C for 6 h. Relative density, Vickers hardness, and four-point flexural strength measurements of samples after sintering were performed. Results showed that the strength values ranged from 210 to 300 MPa depending on the porosity, with lower standard deviation for the 92 wt% Al2O3 sample. Plates (120 mm × 120 mm × 12 mm) of this composition were selected for ballistic testing according to AISI 1045, using a metallic plate as backing and witness plates in the case of penetration or deformation. Standard NIJ-0108.01 was followed in regard to the type of projectile to be used (7.62 × 51 AP, Level IV, 4068 J). Five alumina plates were used in the ballistic tests (one shot per plate). None of the five shots penetrated or even deformed the metal sheet, showing that the composition containing 92 wt% Al2O3 could be considered to be a potential ballistic ceramic, being able to withstand impacts with more than 4000 J of kinetic energy.