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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 313-319

Potentiometric Studies on the Protonation Constants and Protonation Energies of Some Diamines in Methanol + Water Mixtures

Sangita Sharma, Mayur C. Shah, Neha Patel, Dipika Dalwadi, and J. J. Vora

Department of Chemistry, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Patan-384 265, Gujarat, India

Received 9 November 2006; Accepted 12 December 2006

Copyright © 2007 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The protonation constants of diamines such as ethylenediamine, 1,2-diaminopropane, 1,3-diaminopropane, o-phenylenediamine, m-phenylene-diamine, p-phenylenediamine were determined on the basis of Bjerrum and Calvin method in methanol-water mixtures. A pH metric method was used for calculation of protonation constants. The effects of solvents on protonation constant have been determined at ionic strength 0.2 M dm-3 (NaClO4) and temperature 30±0.1oC under nitrogen atmosphere. FORTRAN (IV) programs were used for calculation of protonation constants and distribution of species like H2L, HL, L in equilibrium state. The logarithm of the protonation constants decrease in aliphatic diamines and increase in aromatic diamines with increase in methanol content in mixed equilibria. The verification of constants are explained on the basis of solute-solvent interaction, solvation, proton transfer processes and dielectric constant of equilibria. Protonation energies have been calculated theoretically using computational methods and these protonation energies for aromatic diamines are higher than aliphatic diamines.