Journal of Chemistry

Journal of Chemistry / 2008 / Article

Open Access

Volume 5 |Article ID 437375 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/437375

S. Arivoli, M. Henkuzhali, "Kinetic, Mechanistic, Thermodynamic and Equilibrium Studies on the Adsorption of Rhodamine B by Acid Activated Low Cost Carbon", Journal of Chemistry, vol. 5, Article ID 437375, 14 pages, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/437375

Kinetic, Mechanistic, Thermodynamic and Equilibrium Studies on the Adsorption of Rhodamine B by Acid Activated Low Cost Carbon

Received26 Sep 2007
Accepted12 Nov 2007

Abstract

A carbonaceous adsorbent prepared from an indigenous waste by acid treatment was tested for its efficiency in removing Rhodamine B (RDB). The parameters studied include agitation time, initial dye concentration, carbon dose, pH and temperature. The adsorption followed first order reaction equation and the rate is mainly controlled by intra-particle diffusion. Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models were applied to the equilibrium data. The adsorption capacity (Qm) obtained from the Langmuir isotherm plots were 51.546, 47.236, 44.072 and 41.841 mg/g respectively at an initial pH of 7.0 at 30, 40, 50 and 60°C. The temperature variation study showed that the Rhodamine B adsorption is endothermic and spontaneous with increased randomness at the solid solution interface. Significant effect on adsorption was observed on varying the pH of the Rhodamine B solutions. Almost 90% removal of Rhodamine B was observed at 60°C. The Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms obtained, positive ΔH0 value, pH dependent results and desorption of dye in mineral acid suggest that the adsorption of Rhodamine B on PSC involves physisorption mechanism.

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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