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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 243-250

Solar Photolysis and Photocatalytic Decolorization of Thymol Blue

Falah H. Hussein,1 Ahmed N. Alkhateeb,1 and Jameel K. Ismail2

1College of Science, Babylon University, Hilla, Iraq
2Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Ibb University, Ibb, Yemen

Received 1 July 2007; Accepted 20 September 2007

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The photolysis and photocatalytic decolorization of an aqueous propane-2-ol solution of thymol blue(TB) (Phenol, 4,4'-(3H-2,1-benzoxathiol-3-ylidene)bis(5-methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)-,S,S-dioxide; Thymolsulfonpthalein) (C27H30O5S),were carried out under natural weathering conditions. Direct photolysis of TB solution of concentration 4.3X10−3 M degraded 37.1% of the colored solution after two hours of solar irradiation, however, the solar photocatalytic decolorization percentage reached 79.04% and 86.21% after the addition of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, respectively, for the same period. The degradation percentages were investigated by monitoring the dye decolorization spectrophotometrically. The decolorization rates of TB are markedly related with amount of hydroxyl radical formed. A suitable mechanism for the mineralization of TB has been proposed.