Journal of Chemistry

Journal of Chemistry / 2009 / Article

Open Access

Volume 6 |Article ID 753835 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/753835

Ahamad J. Jafari, John D. Donaldson, "Determination of HCl and VOC Emission from Thermal Degradation of PVC in the Absence and Presence of Copper, Copper(II) Oxide and Copper(II) Chloride", Journal of Chemistry, vol. 6, Article ID 753835, 8 pages, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/753835

Determination of HCl and VOC Emission from Thermal Degradation of PVC in the Absence and Presence of Copper, Copper(II) Oxide and Copper(II) Chloride

Received20 Jan 2008
Revised20 Jun 2008
Accepted26 Dec 2008

Abstract

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has played a key role in the development of the plastic industry over the past 40 years. Thermal degradation of PVC leads to formation of many toxic pollutants such as HCl, aromatic and volatile organic carbon vapors. Thermal degradation of PVC and PVC in the present of copper, cupric oxide and copper(II) chloride were investigated in this study using a laboratory scale electrical furnace. HCl and Cl- ion were analyzed by a Dionex ion chromatograph and VOCs compounds were analyzed using GC or GC-MS. The results showed that HCl plus Cl- ion and benzene formed about 99% and 80% respectively in the first step of thermal degradation under air atmosphere. The presence of cupric oxide increases the percentage of short chain hydrocarbons more than 184% and decreases the amount of the major aromatic hydrocarbon and HCl plus Cl- ion to 90% and 65% respectively. The total aromatic hydrocarbon emitted less than when atmosphere was air and difference was statistically significant (Pvalue<0.000)

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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