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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 6 (2009), Issue 2, Pages 429-436

Hydro-chemical Survey of Groundwater of Delhi, India

Masood Alam, Sumbul Rais, and Mohd Aslam

Department of Applied Sciences & Humanities, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi-110025, India

Received 9 July 2008; Revised 15 September 2008; Accepted 11 October 2008

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The physicochemical parameters and trace metal contents of water samples from Delhi were assessed. A total of 20 water samples were collected from boring, tube well and hand pump and analyzed for the various physicochemical parameters like pH, conductivity, total dissolved solid, total alkalinity, Ca2+ and Mg2+ hardness, chloride ion, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, sulphate and heavy metal contents like Cu, Cr, Cd, Co, Zn and Ni. The results were compared with BIS standards for drinking water. The quality of water samples under study were within the maximum permissible limits. Therefore, the groundwater samples are fit for human consumption without prior treatment.