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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1290-1295

Amperometric Determination of Bismuth Using Gallacetophenone Phenylhydrazone with the Structural Elucidation of Complex

D. Venkataramana Reddy2 and A. Varada Reddy1

1Department of Chemistry, S.V. University, Tirupati, India
2S. G. Govt. College, Piler-517214, Chittoor (Dist.), India

Received 24 December 2009; Revised 5 March 2010; Accepted 17 March 2010

Copyright © 2010 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Gallacetophenone phenylhydrazone (GPPH) has been used as an analytical reagent for amperometric determination of bismuth. Bismuth is quantitatively determined by GPPH at pH 3.0-6.0. After studying the polarographic behaviour of GPPH and bismuth(III) at dropping mercury electrode (DME), applied potential was fixed at -0.4v vs. saturated calomel electrode (SCE). The method was applied for the determination of bismuth in wood’s alloy. The composition of the complex corresponds to the formula Bi(C14 H14 O3 N2)2. The structure of the complex was arrived from the micro analytical data of the solid complex, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis curves and also from the infrared spectra of the complex.