Journal of Chemistry

Journal of Chemistry / 2010 / Article

Open Access

Volume 7 |Article ID 565468 | 8 pages | https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/565468

Adsorption Capacity and Mechanism of Expanded Graphite for Polyethylene Glycol and Oils

Received06 Jan 2010
Accepted02 Mar 2010

Abstract

Expanded graphite (EG) shows higher adsorption capacity for oils such as salad oil and SD300 oil than polyethylene glycol (PEG) with different MW (4000, 10000, 20000). To illustrate their different adsorption mechanism, adsorption capacities of EG for these pollutants are firstly detected. And then stepwise adsorption for oils is carried out with EG which has been saturated first by PEG with different MW. Then difference between stepwise adsorbance of oil is checked with deviation analysis. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) analysis is used to show structure difference of EG adsorbed different adsorbates. It is testified adsorption isotherms of PEG are all type I, PEG molecules lay flat on EG surface and equilibrium adsorbance decrease with the increase of PEG MW. Adsorbance for SD 300 oil and salad oil can reach 131.3 g/g and 127.8 g/g respectively. Deviation analysis for stepwise adsorbance of oil shows no statistical significance. EG saturated firstly by PEG, still has an average adsorption capacity of 98 g/g for SD300 oil and 85 g/g for salad oil and it does not change with the initial PEG concentration. SEM photos illustrate the adsorption of oil on EG is mainly filling. In the adsorption of PEG water solution, there is severe breakage of the V-type pore and shrinkage of the particle.

Copyright © 2010 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

368 Views | 628 Downloads | 4 Citations
 PDF  Download Citation  Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder