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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 7 (2010), Issue 4, Pages 1454-1462

Removal of Grey BL from Dye Wastewater by Derris (Pongamia Glabra) Leaf Powder by Adsorption

T. Mugugan, A. Ganapathi, and R. Valliappan

Division of Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Chemistry Wing, DDE Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608 002, India

Received 16 November 2009; Accepted 10 January 2010

Copyright © 2010 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The dye, Grey BL was adsorbed on an adsorbent prepared from mature leaves of the Pungan tree (Pongamia glabra). A batch adsorption study was carried out with variable adsorbate concentration, adsorbent amount and pH. Ninety three percent of the dye could be removed by 2 g of the derris leaf powder from 1 L of an aqueous solution containing 25 mg of the dye at 300 K. The adsorption followed pseudo first order kinetics with a mean rate constant of 3.73 ×10-3 min-1 and an intraparticle diffusion rate constant of 6.36 x10-2 mg g-1 min-0.5. A possible mechanism of adsorption was suggested on the basis of concurrently operating surface adsorption and pore diffusion. The experimental data yielded excellent fits with Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm equations. The Langmuir monolayer capacity had a mean value of 8.27 mg g-1. The results indicated that the dye, Grey BL, strongly interacts with a biomass-based adsorbent, the Derris (Pongamia glabra) leaf powder.