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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 8 (2011), Issue 2, Pages 762-766
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/869594

Ultrasonic Speed and Related Acoustical Parameters of 1,1ʼ-Binaphthalene-2,2ʼ-diyl Diacetate Solutions at 308.15 K

Pooja P. Adroja, S. P. Gami, J. P. Patel, and P. H. Parsania

Department of Chemistry, Saurashtra University, Rajkot-360 005 Gujarat, India

Received 5 June 2010; Accepted 26 August 2010

Copyright © 2011 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The density (ρ), viscosity (η) and ultrasonic speed (U) (2 MHz) of chloroform, THF, ethyl alcohol, ethyl acetate, 1,4-dioxane and 1,1ʼ-binaphthalene-2,2ʼ-diyl diacetate (DBNA) solutions have been determined at 308.15 K. Various acoustical parameters namely specific acoustical impedance (Z), adiabatic compressibility (κa), Van der Waals constant (b), intermolecular path length (Lf), internal pressure (π), Raoʼs molar sound function (R), relaxation time (τ), classical absorption coefficient (α/f2)cl and solvation number (Sn) have been derived from ρ, η and U data and correlated with concentration (C). A fairly good to excellent correlation has been observed between a particular parameter and C. Linear increase of Z, R, b, (α/f2)cl and τ (except EA) (R2 = 0.90 – 0.999) and linear decrease of κs, π and Lf (R2 = 0.947 – 0.995) with C supported existence of powerful molecular interactions in the solutions and further supported by nonlinear increase of Sn with C. A fairly constant Gibbs free energy of activation has been observed in all the solvent systems studied.