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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 181-192
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/195674

Synthesis and Characterisation of Novel Cross Linked Biopolyesters from Olive Oil as Eco-friendly Biodegradable Materials

J. Shakina,1 K. Sathiya Lekshmi,2 and G. Allen Gnana Raj3

1Department of Chemistry, Sarah Tucker College, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India
2Department of Chemistry, Sri Devi Kumari Women’s College, Kuzhithurai, Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India
3Department of Chemistry, Scott Christian College, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India

Received 28 June 2011; Accepted 27 August 2011

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Novel cross linked biopolyesters were synthesised from naturally available olive oil, oligomeric polytriglyceride fumarate (o-PTF) was prepared by glycerolysis of the olive oil followed by condensation with maleic anhydride. The (o-PTF) was characterised by spectral (FTIR, UV, NMR) and physicochemical properties (specific gravity, viscosity, saponification value, iodine value). The molecular weight of o-PTF was estimated using gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The cross linked biopolyesters were prepared by treating o-PTF of olive with N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone and vinyl acetate. The cross linked biopolyesters were evaluated for spectral properties (FT IR), cross linked density, thermal properties, mechanical properties and biodegradation. The potential antifungal and anti bacterial activities of the newly prepared biopolyesters were evaluated. The environment degradation was assessed by soil burial test. The outcome of the studies has revealed that the newly prepared cross linked biopolyesters are potential biodegradable material for various consumer application like package materials and agricultural applications.