Journal of Chemistry

Journal of Chemistry / 2012 / Article

Open Access

Volume 9 |Article ID 473683 | 8 pages | https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/473683

Effect of Annealing on the Nanostructure Formation in Alkoxy Substituted Phthalocyanine Thin Films

Received22 Oct 2011
Accepted30 Dec 2011

Abstract

Vacuum deposited 2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octakis (octyloxy) phthalocyanine (H2PcOC8) thin films on glass substrates have exhibited a change on their surface morphology with the post deposition annealing temperature under normal atmosphere. These films have been characterized by optical absorptions and Scanning Electron Microscopy. SEM images also have shown nano-rod like structures for the samples annealed at different temperatures. The variation of optical band gap with annealing temperature is determined. The direct and allowed optical band gap energy has been evaluated from the α2 versus hυ plots. The electrical conductivity of the films at various heat treated samples are also studied. The activation energies are determined from the Arrhenius plots of lnσ versus 1000/T . It shows variation with the annealing temperature.

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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