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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 9 (2012), Issue 3, Pages 1613-1622

Synthesis and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some New Biological Active Azo–Pyrazoline Derivatives

Department of Chemistry, College of Education/Scientific Depts., University of Salahaddin, Hawler, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Received 9 November 2011; Accepted 15 January 2012

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A number of 3-[4-(benzyloxy)-3-(2-Chlorophenylazo)-phenyl]-5-(substituted-phenyl)-1-substituted-2-pyrazolines( 4a-j) and (5a-j) have been synthesized by diazotization of 2-chloroaniline and its coupling reaction with 4-hydroxy acetophenone, followed by benzyloxation of the hydroxyl group to give the substrate [4-benzyloxy-3-(2-chlorophenylazo)-acetophenone (1)].The prepared starting material (1) has been reacted with different substituted benzaldehydes to give a new series of chalcone derivatives 1-[(4-benzyloxy)-3-(2-chloro-phenylazo)-phenyl]-3-(substituted phenyl)-2-propen-1-one (3a-j), in high yields and in a few minutes, and the later compounds were treated with hydrazine hydrate according to Michael addition reaction to afford a new biolological active target compounds (4a-j) and (5a-j). Furthermore, The structures of the newly synthesized compounds were confirmed by FT-IR, 13C-NMR,13C-DEPT & 1H-NMR spectral data. The chalcone and pyrazoline derivatives were evaluated for their anti bacterial activity against Escherichia coli as gram negative and Staphylococcus aureus as gram positive, the results showed significant activity against both types of bacteria.