Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 151395, 6 pages
Research Article

Rapid Microwave Digestion Procedures for the Elemental Analysis of Alloy and Slag Samples of Smelted Ocean Bed Polymetallic Nodules

1Analytical Chemistry Division, National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jharkhand, Jamshedpur 831 007, India
2Control, Research, and Development Department, Uranium Corporation of India Limited, Turamdih, Sundernagar, Jharkhand, Jamshedpur 832 107, India
3P.G. Department of Chemistry, Tata College, Jharkhand, Chaibasa 833 202, India

Received 9 January 2012; Revised 27 May 2012; Accepted 6 June 2012

Academic Editor: Yoshihiro Kudo

Copyright © 2013 Kumari Smita et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Sharma, “First nodule to first mine-site: development of deep-sea mineral resources from the Indian ocean,” Current Science, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 750–759, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Premchand and R. K. Jana, “Processing of polymetallic sea nodules: an overview,” in Proceedings of The 3rd Ocean Mining Symposium, pp. 237–245, Goa, India, November 1999. View at Scopus
  3. S. Agarwal, K. K. Sahu, R. K. Jana, and S. P. Mehrotra, “Recovery of Cu, Ni, Co and Mn from sea nodules by direct reduction smelting,” in Proceedings of The Eighth Ocean Mining Symposium, pp. 131–136, Chennai, India, September 2009. View at Scopus
  4. T. C. Alex, K. M. Godiwalla, S. Kumar, and R. K. Jana, “Extraction of silicomanganese from marine and low grade mineral resources,” in Proceedings of the Eleventh International Ferroalloy Congress (INFACON-XI '07), vol. 1, New Delhi, India, 2007.
  5. D. Kmetova, M. Stofko, and S. Kmet, “Ammoniacal leaching for extraction of non-ferrous metals from deep-sea nodules,” International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol. 15, no. 1-2, pp. 145–153, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. F. Shen, W. Y. Xue, W. Li, S. D. Li, and X. H. Liu, “Recovery of Mn2+, Co2+ and Ni2+ from manganese nodules by redox leaching and solvent extraction,” Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1105–1111, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. H. Cardwell, W. S. Kane, and J. A. Olander, “Separation of metals leached from ocean floor nodules,” in US Patent, 1976, 3, 894, 139.
  8. R. K. Jana, “Leaching of sea nodules in acidic chloride- sulphide media,” Transactions of The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, vol. 102, p. 191, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  9. R. K. Jana, N. S. Randhawa, R. K. Minj, and K. M. Godiwalla, National Seminar on Ploymetallic Nodules, RRL, Bhubaneswar, India, 2005.
  10. A. J. Kemp and C. J. Brown, “Microwave digestion of carbonate rock samples for chemical analysis,” Analyst, vol. 115, no. 9, pp. 1197–1199, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. M. Kingston and L. B. Jassie, Introduction to Microwave Sample Preparation. Theory and Practice, ACS Professional Reference Book, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, USA, 1988.
  12. M. G. D. M. Tamba, R. Falciani, T. D. López, and A. G. Coedo, “One-step microwave digestion procedures for the determination of aluminium in steels and iron ores by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry,” The Analyst, vol. 119, no. 9, pp. 2081–2085, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. A. Fernando, W. D. Heavner, and C. C. Gabrielli, “Closed-vessel microwave dissolution and comprehensive analysis of steel by direct current plasma atomic emission spectrometry,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 511–512, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Smita, S. R. Ranjan, and K. Jayanta, Electronic Waste, 181, 2010.
  15. S. Michael and B. W. Bernhard, Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 1999.
  16. I. V. Arthur, A Text Book of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis. The English Language Book Society and Longmans, Green & Co., 3rd edition, 1961.
  17. IBM Manual, Manual of Procedures for Chemical and Instrumental Analysis of Ores, Minerals and Ore Dressing Products, Controller, Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM), Nagpur, India, 1979.
  18. L. B. Fisher, “Microwave dissolution of geologic material: application to isotope dilution analysis,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 261–263, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. W. B. Scott, Standard Methods of Chemical Analysis, vol. 1, Technical Press, London, UK, 5th edition, 1939.
  20. G. Schwarzenbach and H. Flaschka, Complexometric Titrations, Methuen, London, UK, 2nd edition, 1969, Translated by H. M. N. H. Irving.