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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 240568, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/240568
Research Article

Synthesis of New Schiff Base from Natural Products for Remediation of Water Pollution with Heavy Metals in Industrial Areas

1Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
2Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt
3Medicinal Chemistry Department, Pharmacy College, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
4Hot Laboratories Center, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt
5Central Lab of Pesticides, Agricultural Researches Center, Alexandria, Egypt
6Natural Compounds Chemistry Department, Pharmaceutical Industries Division, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

Received 5 January 2013; Accepted 20 March 2013

Academic Editor: Huu Hao Ngo

Copyright © 2013 Reham Hassan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A resin of [5-((E)-1-(ethylimino) ethyl)-4, 7-dimethoxy benzofuran-6-ol] Schiff base (EEDB) was prepared, characterized, and successfully applied in the removal of Cu (II) ions from aqueous real samples. While the metal cation was detected using ICP-OES, the prepared Schiff base resin was characterized by means of FTIR, 1HNMR, mass spectral data, and elemental analysis. Various factors affecting the uptake behavior such as pH (2–12), contact time, effect of initial metal concentration (10–250 ppm), and effect of Schiff base weight (0.1–1.5 gm) were studied. The adsorption process was relatively fast and equilibrium was established after about 60 min. The optimum initial pH was 8.0 at a metal ion concentration (100 ppm). Under the optimized conditions, the removal of Cu (II) from real samples of tap water was applied and the removal efficiency reached nearly 85%. The biological activity for Schiff base was also investigated. The results showed that there is no significant difference between the effects of Schiff base on serum (alanine amino transferase) ALT and creatinine concentration activities in treated mice and control, at confidence limits 95%.