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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 265864, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/265864
Research Article

Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Triticum aestivum and Its Effect on Peroxide Catalytic Activity and Toxicology

1Department of Chemistry Abasaheb Garware College, Pune 411004, India
2Department of Chemistry, Y. M. College, Bharati Vidyapeeth, Pune 411038, India

Received 6 May 2013; Revised 10 June 2013; Accepted 11 June 2013

Academic Editor: Hassan Karimi-Maleh

Copyright © 2013 Shobha Waghmode et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The synthesis of stable silver nanoparticles using bioreduction method was investigated. Biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Triticum aestivum (khapali ghahu) extract was investigated. The effect of a specific variety of plants and how it affects the growth of silver nanoparticles was investigated in our work and it was polydispersed. UV-visible spectroscopy was used to monitor the formation of silver nanoparticles within 15 minutes. The peaks in XRD pattern are in good agreement with those of face-centered-cubic form of metallic silver. Further the IR and TEM shows confirmation of nanocrystalline nature of silver nanoparticles. These nanoparticles dislodged by ultrasonication showed an absorption peak at 430 nm in UV-visible spectrum corresponding to the Plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles. UV-visible titration experiments showed evidence that silver nanoparticles facilitate hydrogen peroxide reduction showing excellent catalytic activity at 200 μL. In this preliminary toxicology study, Earthworm toxicology we checked and is stable up to 1500 ppm concentration. The use of plant extract for silver nanoparticles synthesis offers the benefits of eco-friendliness and amenability for large-scale production.