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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 318015, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/318015
Research Article

Conductometric Studies of Thermodynamics of 1,10-Didecyl-1,10-diaza-18-crown-6 Complexes with , , , , , , and Ions in Acetonitrile, Methanol, and Ethanol Solutions

Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, Tehran 19395-3697, Iran

Received 28 June 2012; Accepted 1 October 2012

Academic Editor: Pedro Avila-Pérez

Copyright © 2013 Mehdi Taghdiri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The complexation reactions between 1,10-didecyl-1,10-diaza-18-crown-6 (DD18C6) and , , , , , and ions were studied conductometrically in acetonitrile, methanol, and ethanol at various temperatures. The formation constants of the resulting 1 : 1 complexes were calculated from the computer fitting of the molar conductance-mole ratio data at different temperatures. In the solvents studied, the stability of the resulting complexes varied in the order acetonitrile ≫ methanol > ethanol. The enthalpy and entropy changes of the complexation reactions were evaluated from the temperature dependence of formation constants. The versus plot of thermodynamic data obtained shows a linear correlation indicating the existence of enthalpy-entropy compensation in the complexation reactions. The ab initio studies calculated at B3LYP/6-31G level of theory indicate that the binding energy of complexes decreases with increasing cation size in the gas phase. The experimental data obtained in the solvents show different trends so that the stability constant of Li+ and Mg2+ complexes is lower than other alkali and alkaline earth ions, respectively due to the solvation of these small ions in solution.